Glossary: K

Kegel exercises

Repeatedly tightening and releasing the pelvic muscle, in order to prevent urine leakage.


smooth, pink, raised, firm, fibrous growths on the skin that form secondary to injury.

keratinocytes (Also called squamous cells.)

the primary cell types found in the epidermis, the outer layer of skin.


inflammation of the cornea.


round, flesh-colored growths with craters that contain a pasty material.

keratosis pilaris

a common skin condition characterized by small, pointed bumps, especially on the back and sides of the upper arms.


high blood glucose; often caused by illness or taking too little insulin.


break down product of fat that accumulates in the blood as a result of inadequate insulin or inadequate calorie intake.

kidney and bladder ultrasound

a diagnostic imaging technique that examines the kidney and bladder using high-frequency sound waves; to detect certain abnormalities.

kidney stone

a solid piece of material that forms from crystallization of excreted substances in the urine.

kidney transplantation

a procedure that places a healthy kidney from one person into a recipient's body.


a pair of bean-shaped organs located below the ribs toward the middle of the back.

knee reconstruction

surgical restoration of the knee.


a forward curvature of the back bones (vertebrae) in the upper back area, giving a "humpback" appearance.

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