About Us

Return to Kidney Function and Dysfunction Overview

More on Kidney Function and Dysfunction

Surgical Services

Return to Kidney Function and Dysfunction Overview

More on Kidney Function and Dysfunction

Health Library

Return to Kidney Function and Dysfunction Overview

More on Kidney Function and Dysfunction

Patient and Visitor Guides to our Hospital

Return to Kidney Function and Dysfunction Overview

More on Kidney Function and Dysfunction

Clinical Trials

Return to Kidney Function and Dysfunction Overview

More on Kidney Function and Dysfunction

Kidney Function and Dysfunction

Kidneys perform several vital functions. They filter toxins from the blood, remove waste from the body (urine), produce a hormone that controls how fast new red blood cells are made, and they help regulate blood pressure and the amount of certain nutrients in the body, such as calcium and potassium. End-stage renal disease develops when both kidneys stop functioning. The most common cause of kidney failure in the United States is diabetes. Other causes include, but are not limited to, high blood pressure, kidney inflammation or infection, polycystic kidney disease, or excessive use of certain medications.

The only available treatment options to stop the life-threatening build-up of toxins and fluid in the blood that occurs during end stage renal disease are dialysis, which replaces the functions of the kidneys, and transplantation.

Whenever possible, transplant surgery should be performed at a stage where the kidneys are just beginning to fail and before the patient begins dialysis. This "pre-emptive" kidney transplantation (when there is less than 15 percent of kidney function left) enables patients to not just avoid dialysis but to also experience the benefits of transplantation as soon as possible. Most importantly, findings indicate that transplants are more successful among patients who receive a kidney from a living donor without having undergone long-term dialysis.

  • Bookmark
  • Print


Top of page

by Last Name
    by Condition or Specialty
      Surgical Services
        by Last Name
        by Condition or Specialty
        Surgical Services
        View Full Profile

        Mini-Profile

        Phone: (212) 746-6006
        Fax: (212) 746-8753
        Address: 525 E. 68th Street
        Starr 8
        New York, NY 10065
        Clinical Expertise